Though most properties within the UK are usually not susceptible to flooding, thousands and thousands are, even in areas that aren’t instantly waterside.
When components of the nation are devastated by floods and the information is dominated by footage of unlucky householders mopping up their basements, the pure human response is to assume, ‘That would have been me.’
It is crucial for householders and house-hunters alike to know the fundamentals about flooding and the related dangers. This easy step-by-step information is designed to assist these shopping for a home in a flood danger space.
What are the primary causes of flooding?
The commonest explanation for flooding is rivers bursting their banks after durations of heavy rain. In coastal areas, unusually excessive tides additionally current an apparent danger. However even in areas that aren’t close to the ocean or a river, there’s a danger of so-called ‘floor water flooding’, usually brought on by the kind of flash floods that observe thunderstorms. One other, rarer, phenomenon is groundwater flooding, when the water desk rises, and water begins to seep into basements and cellars.
How prevalent is the issue?
Extra prevalent than you may assume. The Atmosphere Company has calculated that round one in six properties within the UK is at some danger of flooding. Some low-lying areas have lengthy been recognized as flood plains, experiencing flooding at common intervals, and though new constructing on flood plains is discouraged, it nonetheless takes place in some areas.
How do I verify if a property is in a flood danger space?
The best method to discover out if a home is in a flood danger space is to go to the government website and enter the postcode of the realm during which you have an interest. Areas are graded for flood danger, from ‘excessive’ to ‘very low’, often relying on their proximity to rivers and the earlier historical past of flooding within the space. However be aware that flood maps can change sometimes so it’s good to get info from different sources, e.g. native property brokers or, in case you are shopping for, the proprietor of the property. Your conveyancing solicitor may even should be on the ball.
What are the implications for my dwelling insurance coverage?
Appreciable, significantly if a property has been flooded previously or is in an space of excessive danger. When purchasing round for insurance coverage, you need to be armed with as a lot info as potential, as a way to get an affordable deal. Some insurers will ask for an Insurance coverage Associated Request Letter, requiring you to get a proper letter from the Atmosphere Company, confirming the flood danger degree related to the property. This may even stand you in good stead together with your mortgage-lender, who will need to fulfill themselves that the property is insurable.
You must also try Flood Re, a particular scheme not too long ago established by the Affiliation of British Insurers, aimed to profit householders at important flood danger by capping premiums. The scheme gives a useful backstop within the case of properties which have had a couple of episode of flooding and may beforehand have grow to be uninsurable.
What further prices ought to I count on to incur?
The obvious one is the upper insurance coverage premiums which you’ll count on to pay in an space of excessive flood danger. They are often irksome however when you keep in mind that you’ll most likely pay considerably much less for the property due to its at-risk standing, you’ll not essentially be worse off in the long term.
You must also think about investing in measures (see under) to comprise the injury brought on by flooding if the worst involves the worst. In areas which flood recurrently, it’s a good suggestion to buy a provide of sandbags and different flood guards to forestall a last-minute scramble.
What preventative measures can householders take?
Given the havoc wreaked on carpets by flooding it’s common sense to not carpet any clearly at-risk rooms similar to basements, utilizing tiles or wood floors as an alternative. One other trick which may prevent some huge cash within the occasion of flooding is ensuring that energy factors situated in at-risk rooms are situated excessive up on the partitions, fairly than at flooring degree. Becoming non-return valves in drains is usually a helpful defence towards flash floods. Final however not least, flood-proof your valuables: when you personal a priceless Picasso, hold it within the attic, not the cellar.
If I’m promoting a home in a flood danger space, what authorized obligations am I beneath?
The primary one is to be upfront with consumers about any earlier historical past of flooding within the property. If the house is in an space in danger, they’re entitled to ask about flooding episodes previously and that you must be ready to provide them with related particulars, similar to previous flood injury, the price of repairing it and any knock-on impression on insurance coverage premiums. Hold written flood-related data, as you’d hold outdated fuel and electrical energy payments, and so forth.
Thousands and thousands of Britons dwell in areas which might be at some danger of flooding. They might have a couple of extra sleepless nights than individuals who dwell on excessive floor but when they assessed the dangers and took applicable steps to handle these dangers, there is no such thing as a purpose for them to really feel on the mercy of the weather. Shopping for a home in a flood danger space ought to definitely not be considered an entire no-no.